"Policy Mix"
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"Grüner Wandel"
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2. GWS

The Institute of Economic Structures Research GWS – a private research and consulting institute – specializes in the field of empirical economic research and analyzes structural change by applying macroeconomic models at a low level of sectoral and regional aggregation. GWS was founded in 1996 by Professor Bernd Meyer and currently employs 20 researchers with expert knowledge in economics, econometrics, the social sciences, energy and environmental science and data management. The main research areas of GWS include energy and environment, the labor market and demographics, industrial development, sustainable development, regional development and data systems and services.

Christian Lutz

Christian LutzDr. Christian Lutz has a Masters in Economics from the University of Tübingen and a PhD on the environmental extensions of macroeconometric models from the University of Osnabrück. Since 1997 he has been working at GWS in constructing and applying economic-environment models. Together with Prof. Meyer he has been a member of the executive board of GWS since 2000. He has been a Member of the Forum for Energy Models and Energy-Economic Systems Analysis at the German Ministry of Economy since 1998. He has experience with various research and consulting activities for national and international institutions including different German Federal Ministries and different DGs of the EU Commission. His research interests include sustainable development, energy and environmental policy, innovation, international trade and labor markets.

Kirsten Svenja Wiebe

Kirsten Svenja WiebeDr. Kirsten S. Wiebe has a Bachelor and Master of Science degree in Econometrics and Operations Research from Maastricht University. During her study semester at Handelhögskolan vid Göteborgs Universitet in Sweden she focused on international and environmental economics. She has been a researcher at GWS since 2007. Her research interests are global economic modelling, environmental and resource economics, and sustainable development. She is currently updating the energy module of the GINFORS model and has programmed the new version of GRAM using a new solution technique, a larger time span, and including additional emissions data. In June 2012, she successfully defended her PhD thesis at UNU-MERIT on "Quantitative Assessment of Sustainable Development and Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa".

Markus Flaute

Markus FlauteDr. Markus Flaute has a Bachelor and Master of Science degree in Economics from the University of Münster (2010) and a PhD from the University of Münster (2013). He has been a researcher at GWS since 2014. His research interests include applied energy-economic modeling with GAMS (e.g. optimal operation of power plants) and model-based analyses of energy-economic effects of different political instruments and activities.



Ulrike Lehr

Ulrike LehrDr. Ulrike Lehr studied Physics at the University of Essen (diploma in 1990) and Economics at the Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University, Blacksburg, VA USA (MSc. in 1992). She was awarded a PhD for her thesis on environmental valuation in 2005 from the University of Hohenheim. She worked as a researcher at the Rhine-Westphalia Institute of Economics Research, RWI e.V., Essen in the department of energy policy studies and research from 1993 to 1999 and from 2005 to 2008 at the German Aerospace Center in the department of System Analysis and Technology Assessment. She has been working as a senior expert at GWS since 2008. She has many research and consulting experiences with national and international institutions including various German Federal Ministries, GIZ, EU, IEA, and as a counselor for twinning projects with the new EU member states.

Fraunhofer ISI
FSU Jena
Final report
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